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Cornell Chicken

Originally posted: 10/10/2012
Last updated: 06/30/2014

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Summary

  • Choose two whole chickens weighing 3.5 - 4 pounds each.
  • Butterfly the chicken and split into halves.
  • Brine for 1-2 hours, pat dry, then apply rub.
  • Light the WSM using the Standard Method and use mild smoke wood.
  • Smoke-grill the chicken on bottom cooking grate at 325-375°F, basting with Cornell sauce 3 times and flipping halfway through cooking, until chicken reaches 170-175°F in thigh.
  • If skin is not browned enough, crisp directly over hot coals.
  • Let chicken rest uncovered 5 minutes before serving.
Chicken halves basted with Cornell sauce
Chicken halves basted with Cornell sauce
Cornell chicken, crisped over hot coals
Cornell Chicken, crisped over hot coals
 

Robert C. Baker was an inventor and professor at Cornell University from 1957 to 1989 who was deeply involved in poultry science throughout his life. In 1970, he founded Cornell's Institute of Food Science and Marketing and served as its first director. During his career, he helped develop chicken nuggets long before McDonald's ever dreamed of them, as well as turkey ham and poultry hot dogs. But in grilling and barbecuing circles, Baker is best known for his world-famous Cornell Chicken, which has been served at his family's Baker's Chicken Coop at the New York State Fair in Syracuse, NY since 1949.

The original sauce recipe consists of cooking oil, cider vinegar, salt, pepper, poultry seasoning, and a beaten egg. In 2008, Cook's Country magazine re-imagined the recipe by brining the chicken for 2 hours, tweaking the sauce by using a good quality olive oil, augmenting the poultry seasoning with some fresh herbs, dropping the egg, and using Dijon mustard for flavor and as a thickener.

Here are some photos I took on August 26, 2012 when I smoke-grilled the Cook's Country version of Cornell Chicken in the Weber Smokey Mountain Cooker Smoker.

As always...click on any of the pictures to view a larger image.


Select & Prep The Chickens

Choose 2 whole chickens weighing 3.5 - 4 pounds each. Remove the neck and giblet package, trim any excess fat from around the cavity opening, butterfly the chickens, and then cut into halves.

To learn more about selecting chicken, visit the Chicken Selection & Preparation page. For details on how to butterfly a chicken, visit the How To Butterfly A Chicken page.

Brine The Chicken Halves

Brine solution and chicken halves
Photo 1
Chicken in brine solution
Photo 2
     

Place 2 quarts of cold water, 3-1/2 cups cider vinegar, and 1/4 cup table salt into a non-reactive container appropriate for brining. Stir to dissolve the salt, add the chicken halves, and refrigerate for 1-2 hours. I brined the chicken shown here for 1 hour.

If you're interested in learning more about brining, visit the All About Brining page. For information about brining containers, see Food Grade Plastic Containers For Brining.

Prepare the Rub and Sauce

Rub and Cornell chicken sauce
Photo 3
       

While the chicken is brining, prepare the chicken rub and Cornell sauce.

Rub for Cornell Chicken
1 Tablespoon poultry seasoning
2 teaspoons table salt
2 teaspoons black pepper, freshly ground

Combine rub ingredients in a small bowl and set aside.

Cornell Chicken Sauce
1/2 cup cider vinegar
3 Tablespoons Dijon mustard
1 Tablespoon chopped fresh sage leaves
1 Tablespoon chopped fresh rosemary
1/2 cup olive oil
1/2 teaspoon table salt
1/2 teaspoon black pepper, freshly ground

Place vinegar, mustard, sage, rosemary, salt, and pepper in blender and process until smooth, about 1 minute. With blender running, slowly add oil until incorporated. Transfer sauce to a bowl for basting later in the cooking process.

Rub The Chicken

Rubbed chicken ready for the smoker
Photo 4
       

After 2 hours, remove the chicken halves from the brine and pat dry with paper towels. Sprinkle both sides with rub and let sit at room temperature while you fire-up the Weber Bullet. Alternatively, you can put the chicken back in the refrigerator and hold it for up to 8 hours before cooking.

Select The Smoke Wood

One chunk of apple smoke wood
Photo 5
       

Use 2 fist-sized chunks of mild smoke wood for this chicken. The smoke flavor should compliment the Cornell sauce, not overwhelm it. I used 2 chunks of apple wood. There's no need to soak the chunks in water before use.

Fire-Up The Cooker

If you have 2 Weber charcoal chimneys, fill both to the top with Kingsford charcoal briquettes and light. When flames are licking the briquettes at the top of the chimney and you see signs of gray ash forming, dump all the hot coals into the charcoal chamber and spread them out evenly.

Otherwise, light the WSM using the Standard Method. Light a full Weber chimney of Kingsford charcoal briquettes, spread them evenly within the charcoal ring, then add another full chimney of unlit briquettes on top of the lit charcoal. When all the charcoal is lit, you're ready to cook the chicken.

Smoke-Grill The Chicken

Chicken skin-side up in the WSM
Photo 6
Basted chicken after 15 minutes of cooking
Photo 7
Chicken flipped over and basted
Photo 8
   

Assemble the cooker but leave the water pan out of the cooker.

Arrange the chicken halves skin-side up on the bottom cooking grate (Photo 6). Immediately baste the chicken with some of the sauce.

Put the lid on the cooker. Place the smoke wood on the hot coals.

Set the top vent to 100% open and all 3 bottom vents to 100% open and leave them that way throughout the entire cooking process. Allow the cooker to run in the range of 325-375°F.

Cook the chicken for about 15 minutes, then baste again with sauce (Photo 7). Cook another 10-15 minutes until chicken reaches 120°F internal temperature and is browned on the bottom side. Flip the chicken skin-side down and baste with sauce (Photo 8). Cook another 20-25 minutes, until the skin is browned and thigh registers 170-175°F internal temperature.

Here's how the temperature and vent settings went for the cooking session:

Time Lid Temp Meat Temp Vent 1 % Vent 2 % Vent 3 %
3:30pm(b) - - 100 100 100
3:40pm 382 - 100 100 100
3:45pm(b) 345 - 100 100 100
4:00pm(t)(b) 342 128 100 100 100
4:15pm 340 172 100 100 100
(b) basted chicken
(t) turned meat over

Crisp The Skin Directly Over Hot Coals

If the chicken hits 170-175°F but the skin is not as browned as you would like, remove the middle cooking section and place the cooking grate directly over the hot coals. Watch the chicken closely, it will only take a few minutes to brown and crisp the skin.

Rest The Chicken Before Serving

Resting Cornell chicken
Photo 9
Close-up of chicken skin crisped over hot coals
Photo 10
     

Remove the chicken to a baking sheet and let rest uncovered for 5 minutes before serving. Photo 9 shows how the chicken looked coming right out of the Weber Smokey Mountain Cooker. Photo 10 shows a piece that was crisped directly over hot coals to further brown the skin.

This version of Cornell Chicken was very moist, due to the brining. It had good flavor from the fresh herbs and was not too vinegary. The skin was nicely browned and the fat well-rendered.

If you've not tried Cornell Chicken, do yourself a favor and give it a shot, I think you'll like it!

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