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Whole Brisket - Central Texas Style Butcher Paper

Summary
  • Buy a 12-14 pound USDA Prime whole brisket.
  • Watch the Aaron Franklin videos linked in this article to see how Franklin trims brisket before cooking and slices it after cooking.
  • Remove any fat and silverskin from the lean side, trim the fat side down to 1/4" thick. Make the brisket "aerodynamic" per Franklin's videos.
  • Apply a 50/50 kosher salt and coarse ground pepper rub 1 hour before cooking.
  • Cook the brisket fat-side down at 250-275°F to an internal temperature of 170°F.
  • Wrap in butcher paper and continue cooking fat-side up until 205°F and probe tender.
  • Rest in paper for 10 minutes on kitchen counter, then move into an empty cooler and rest for 2-3 hours before slicing.
Whole brisket wrapped in pink butcher paper
Whole brisket wrapped in pink butcher paper
 
Thick slice of USDA Prime brisket smoked Central Texas style
Thick slice of USDA Prime brisket smoked Central Texas style
 
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I've had the pleasure of visiting Franklin Barbecue in Austin, Texas on two occasions, once during SWSX in 2012 and again in 2015 during the TVWB Central Texas Barbecue Crawl. Both times the brisket was fabulous, and each time I remember thinking, "Can I make brisket like this on my Weber Smokey Mountain Cooker?"

Well, the short answer is "No". Even when I buy the same brand of brisket that Aaron Franklin uses, trim it as shown in his numerous videos, use the same kosher salt and 16-mesh black pepper he uses, and wrap the meat in the same pink butcher paper he uses, I cannot exactly replicate Franklin Barbecue brisket. Why? Because I don't have Franklin's offset pit, I don't have his seasoned post oak split logs, and most importantly, I don't have his many years of experience barbecuing thousands upon thousands of briskets.

Still, it was fun trying and mine turned out pretty good, if I do say so myself. My wife says it was my best brisket ever...and I don't pay her to say that.

Here are some photos I took when I tried my hand at Central Texas style whole beef brisket on September 24-25, 2017.

As always...click on any of the pictures to view a larger image.


Source For Pink Butcher Paper

1000 foot roll of pink butcher paper
Photo 1
Close-up view of pink butcher paper
Photo 2
     

Brisket is wrapped in butcher paper part way through the cooking process to keep the meat from getting too much smoke, to help retain moisture, and to slightly accelerate the cooking process. The paper "breathes" more than aluminum foil, also known as the "Texas Crutch", and some people think that's an advantage over foil.

Why pink butcher paper? Because that's what Aaron Franklin of Franklin Barbecue in Austin, Texas uses on the whole briskets he cooks at his famous restaurant. Franklin has single-handedly done more to boost sales of pink butcher paper than anyone in the history of...well, butcher paper. If you don't know who Aaron Franklin is, you must be living in a cave without Internet service. Stop and read this article and this article right now.

OK, welcome back.

One downside to butcher paper is you cannot add beef broth or other liquids to it toward the end of the cooking process like you can when using aluminum foil. That's OK for Central Texas style brisket because they're not big on adding liquids to brisket. Franklin just lightly sprays the surface of the paper and the meat with apple cider vinegar, wraps the meat, and puts it back in the smoker to finish cooking.

Despite what you might think, butcher paper does not catch fire in the Weber Bullet as long as you run the cooker at normal barbecuing temperatures up to about 300°F. I haven't tried cooking above that temp, so if you do you're on your own. To be safe, keep a fire extinguisher nearby at all times.

What kind of butcher paper to buy? Look for 40 lb. paper (that's a measure of thickness) that is at least 18" wide, but 24" wide is better. It costs a bit more, but it's easier to wrap briskets using wider paper. You want an uncoated paper—no wax or plastic on one side. As for color, it's not important, but if you want to make authentic Aaron Franklin brisket, you can order pink butcher paper from a number of suppliers.

What about using brown kraft paper or grocery bags instead of butcher paper? I wouldn't. Who knows how it's made or where it's been? Paper suppliers say that butcher paper is made from USDA/FDA approved kraft paper, so there is a "food safe" aspect to butcher paper that is not guaranteed when using other papers.

I ordered this roll of 24" wide pink butcher paper from ABCO Paper in Austin, Texas. It's hard to find on their website; it's best to call them at 800-556-2677 to check on availability and pricing. The nice lady on the phone knew exactly what I wanted and was happy to take an order for a single roll.

It's a lot of paper...1,000 feet, to be exact, and it doesn't come cheap. This roll cost me $69 delivered, but it will last me forever. I learned later that you can buy smaller quantities of 24" pink butcher paper at Amazon.com.

Order The Brisket

Creekstone Farms box
Photo 3
Close-up of Creekstone Farms box label
Photo 4
Brisket inside Styrofoam cooler with frozen ice gel packs
Photo 5
View of brisket lean side
Photo 6
View of brisket fat side
Photo 7

Franklin Barbecue is known to use Creekstone Farms USDA Prime grade briskets, so I ordered a 14-16 pound specimen for $129.99 less a 10% KCBS member discount for a total of $116.99 delivered. The fresh, never frozen brisket arrived a few days later, packed in a Styrofoam cooler filled with dry ice and frozen ice gel packs, nice and cool. The actual weight of the brisket was not indicated on the package—something I think Creekstone Farms should do—and it exceeded the 11 pound capacity of my kitchen scale. By adding together the weight of the trimmed brisket and the removed fat, I came up with 13.7 pounds—close, but not 14 pounds. Bad dog, Creekstone Farms!

The photos above show how the brisket was boxed and delivered by Creekstone Farms.

Watch Franklin Videos On Trimming Brisket

Aaron Franklin has appeared in several videos demonstrating how he likes to trim briskets. I watched these two videos before trimming my brisket and I suggest you do the same.

Franklin says he likes a trimmed brisket to have an "aerodynamic shape" without sharp edges or ragged bits that will burn during cooking. He also removes thin areas of the flat that will overcook and can't be served to customers. After watching these videos, it's up to you to decide how to interpret his method and apply it to your particular brisket.

Trim The Lean Side Of The Brisket

What follows are a series of photos showing how I trimmed my brisket, starting with the lean side. Most of these photos are in pairs; the first photo shows before I trimmed, the second photo shows after I trimmed.

View of brisket lean side before trimming
Photo 8
Discolored edge of brisket before trimming
Photo 9
Discolored edge of brisket after trimming
Photo 10


Large area of hard fat before trimming
Photo 11
Large area of hard fat after trimming
Photo 12
Surface fat before trimming
Photo 13
Trimming surface fat
Photo 14
Surface fat after trimming
Photo 15
Thin edge of flat before trimming
Photo 16
Thin edge of flat after trimming
Photo 17
Thin edge of flat removed
Photo 18
Thin end of flat before trimming
Photo 19
Thin end of flat squared up after trimming
Photo 20
Rounding one end of the brisket flat
Photo 21
Rounding the other end of the brisket flat
Photo 22
Rounded ends of brisket viewed from above
Photo 23
View of brisket fat side
Photo 24
 

Photo 8 shows the lean side of the brisket before trimming. Photos 9-10 show the discolored edge of the brisket that occurs when the side of beef receives its antimicrobial treatment during processing and how I trimmed off this edge.

Photos 11-12 show the seam of hard fat between the flat and point sections and how I trimmed it down. Photos 13-15 show some of the surface fat and silverskin that I removed from the brisket.

Photos 16-18 show how I trimmed up the thin edge of the flat end of the brisket. I started by removing the surface fat, and upon further inspection realized most of the edge was fat and cut it off completely. Photos 19-20 show how I squared up the end of the brisket flat.

Photos 21-23 show how I rounded both corners of the brisket flat to give the brisket the kind of aerodynamic shape that Franklin talks about in his videos. Photo 24 shows how the lean side of the brisket looked after I finished trimming it.

Trim The Fat Side Of The Brisket

View of brisket fat side
Photo 25
View of brisket fat side
Photo 26
View of brisket fat side
Photo 27
View of brisket fat side
Photo 28
View of brisket fat side
Photo 29
View of brisket fat side
Photo 30
View of brisket fat side
Photo 31
View of brisket fat side
Photo 32
   

Now it's time to flip the brisket and work on the fat side. Photo 25 shows the fat side of the brisket before trimming.

Photos 26-27 show a flappy portion hanging off the edge of the point section that I trimmed off. Photos 28-29 show an area of loose fat just below that flappy portion that I also trimmed off the side of the brisket.

At this point, I got a bit lazy with my photography and didn't take any more photos as I trimmed the fat side to about 1/4" thick as best I could, as shown in Photos 30-31. Photo 32 shows the 3-3/4 pounds of fat and meat I trimmed off this brisket, about 28% trim loss. This brisket now weighed just under 10 pounds and was ready for the application of rub.

Rub The Brisket

View of brisket fat side
Photo 33
View of brisket fat side
Photo 34
View of brisket fat side
Photo 35
View of brisket fat side
Photo 36
 

Apply a salt & pepper rub evenly to both sides of the brisket and let it sit at room temperature for 1 hour before going into the Weber Bullet. The rub recipe could not be simpler.

Franklin Barbecue Salt & Pepper Rub
1/4 cup Morton Kosher Salt
1/4 cup 16 mesh coarse ground black pepper

Franklin says that Morton Kosher Salt and 16-mesh ground black pepper are the only seasonings he uses for Central Texas style brisket. In Franklin Barbecue: A Meat-Smoking Manifesto, he writes, "I use only Morton Kosher Salt. I like it because all the granules are consistently the same size." As for the black pepper, he says, "I like 16 mesh. The mesh number refers to the size of the pepper particles. The pepper has been sifted through a screen that has 1/16 by 1/16-inch openings. It ends up being the right size to mix with its companion, kosher salt."

Franklin indicates you'll need about 1/2 cup or 4 ounces of rub for a 12 pound brisket—I found this amount of rub perfectly adequate for my slightly larger brisket, with a little bit left over. Franklin describes it as "equal parts" of kosher salt and black pepper and specifically says about the salt, "I use roughly 1/4 cup (which is about 2 ounces with Morton brand) per brisket." So you'll complete the rub with 1/4 cup or about 2 ounces of 16 mesh black pepper.

The Great American Spice Company sells the 16 mesh coarse ground black pepper that I used here.

I mixed the salt and pepper together and applied it using a shaker. As you may have noticed in the photo of the rubbed meat, the pepper is a bit uneven because it did not stay evenly mixed with the salt as I shook the shaker. Not a huge deal, but an improvement for next time might be to apply the salt and pepper separately. This is what Franklin does in his video, but he does it using a Styrofoam cup, something I'm not about to try myself.

How To Squeeze In A Large Brisket

Foil-wrapped smoke wood chunk on top cooking grate
Photo 37
Brisket draped over foil-wrapped smoke wood chunk
Photo 38
     

Have you noticed that meat processors are cutting briskets longer and narrower than they used to? This can make it hard to fit a whole brisket into the 18.5" Weber Bullet. Large briskets can be "shoehorned" between the handles on the cooking grate and will shrink during cooking. Other approaches include folding a portion of the flat section under itself, or "draping" the brisket over a large chunk of foil-wrapped smoke wood, as shown here, or over a foil-wrapped brick so it fits on the grate. In any case, the brisket can be repositioned later once it starts to shrink during cooking.

Fire The WSM

Three chunks of oak smoke wood
Photo 39
Smoke base unit next to smoker, WiFi gateway in window sill
Photo 40
Lighting 40 briquets in upside down Weber chimney starter
Photo 41
Hot coals dumped on top of unlit charcoal
Photo 42
 

Select 3 fist-sized chunks of dry smoke wood. I used the 3 chunks of oak wood shown in Photo 39. There's no need to soak the wood before using it.

Earlier in the day, I set up a ThermoWorks Smoke dual-channel probe thermometer with WiFi gateway so I could monitor cooker and internal meat temp using an app on my iPhone. In Photo 40, you can see the Smoke base unit sitting on the small table next to the charcoal bowl, and sitting in the window sill inside the house is the WiFi gateway that transmits temp readings from the base unit to a server at ThermoWorks that feed into the Smoke smartphone app.

Fire-up the WSM using the Minion Method. Fill the charcoal chamber to the top with Kingsford charcoal and add 20-40 lit briquettes started using a Weber chimney starter, spreading them evenly over the unlit charcoal.

In Photo 41, you can see the 40 briquets I lit in an upside down chimney starter. Photo 42 shows them dumped on top of the unlit charcoal, right before I spread them out...just a cool photo of hot coals in the dark.

Barbecue The Brisket

Brisket goes fat side down onto the top cooking grate
Photo 43
Brisket after 3 hours in the cooker
Photo 44
Spray bottle with apple cider vinegar for spritzing brisket
Photo 45
Brisket at 170F internal temp
Photo 46
Smoke app shows graph of brisket temp to 170F
Photo 47
Brisket ready for wrapping in pink butcher paper
Photo 48
Wrapping brisket in pink butcher paper
Photo 49
Wrapped brisket ready to go back into WSM
Photo 50
Pink butcher paper wrapped brisket back on the top cooking grate
Photo 51
 

Assemble the cooker and fill the pan with cool water—remember, in Aaron Franklin's world, water plays an important role in making great brisket. Place the brisket on the top cooking grate fat-side down and cover with the lid. The fat helps shield the lean brisket flat from the heat.

I inserted the Smoke meat probe into the flat horizontally from the side and clipped the air probe onto the grate next to the brisket.

Set the top vent to 100% open and leave it that way throughout the entire cooking process. Start with all 3 bottom vents 100% open. As the cooker approaches 250°F, begin to partially close all 3 bottom vents to maintain 250-275°F. Adjust the bottom vents as needed to maintain this temperature range throughout the cooking process.

With the brisket in the cooker, place the smoke wood chunks on top of the burning coals using a pair of tongs.

Barbecue the brisket for 3 hours to let the crust set-up (Photo 44), then spray the brisket with apple cider vinegar and repeat every 30 minutes.

When the brisket reaches 170°F internal temperature (Photo 46), somewhere in the range of 5-7 hours of cooking, remove it from the WSM, spray it generously one last time, and wrap it like a package in a large sheet of butcher paper and return it to the cooker. If using narrow butcher paper, you may need to overlap two sheets to cover the brisket.

Photo 47 is a screenshot from the Smoke app showing how the internal meat temp rose to 170°F over the course of about 7 hours.

Return the wrapped brisket to the smoker fat-side up (so the sticky fat doesn't stick to the paper under the weight of the brisket) and continue cooking for several hours until it reaches 205°F internal temperature. Check for tenderness by inserting an instant-read thermometer vertically into the center of the flat. If it goes in and out like butter, the brisket is done.

Here's how the temperature and vent settings went during my cook:

Time Lid Temp Grate Temp Meat Temp Vent 1 % Vent 2 % Vent 3 %
12:00 am - - 46 100 100 100
12:30 am 228 225 53 100 100 100
1:00 am 260 255 74 100 100 100
1:15 am 275 267 83 100 50 50
1:30 am 265 264 92 100 100 50
2:00 am 280 275 107 100 100 50
2:30 am 288 286 122 100 50 50
3:00 am (s) 297 297 132 50 50 50
3:15 am (w) 300 310 - 50 50 0
3:30 am (s) 270 292 139 50 50 0
4:00 am (s) 244 268 146 50 50 0
4:30 am (s) 244 257 152 100 50 0
5:00 am (s) 300 301 156 25 25 25
5:30 am (s) 262 282 159 25 25 25
6:00 am (s) 271 258 162 50 50 50
6:30 am (s) 274 273 165 50 50 50
7:18 am (s)(b) 260 268 170 50 50 50
8:30 am - 258 185 50 50 50
9:30 am - 260 195 50 50 50
10:25 am - 248 205 50 50 50
(s) sprayed with apple cider vinegar
(w) added water to pan
(b) wrapped in butcher paper

Note that the vent percentages represent the way I set the vents at the time indicated.

Rest The Brisket Then Slice

Brisket at 205F internal temp
Photo 52
Thermapen shows internal meat temp of 203F
Photo 53
Pink butcher paper wrapped brisket rests in dry cooler
Photo 54
Brisket after 4 hour rest in dry cooler
Photo 55
Thermapen shows 141F internal meat temp
Photo 56
Slices of brisket flat
Photo 57
Single slice of brisket flat
Photo 58
Slice of brisket point
Photo 59
Slice showing both flat and point portions
Photo 60
Brisket sandwich with pickles, onions, and sauce on the side
Photo 61
Burnt ends with mac & cheese
Photo 62
Shredded brisket for chili
Photo 63
Brisket and ground beef chili simmering in skillet
Photo 64
Brisket and ground beef chili with Fritos corn chips
Photo 65
 

Photos 52-53 show the finished brisket coming out of the smoker. Keep the brisket wrapped in the paper and let rest at room temp for about 10 minutes, then move it into a empty cooler. Place an old bath towel in the bottom, then the wrapped brisket, then cover with another towel. Let the brisket rest for 2-3 hours, making sure the meat stays at a food-safe temperature of 140°F or higher.

My brisket rested in the cooler for 4 hours, and as you can see in Photo 56 it was still above 140°F at that point.

The following video demonstrates how Aaron Franklin slices brisket using the "Texas Turn" method. If you really want to be like Aaron Franklin, you can buy the same slicing knife he uses in this video. I've got one and it gets the job done nicely.

Slice the flat portion about 1/4" thick, and just as you hit the point section, turn the brisket 90° and cut 3/8" slices across the grain of the point. This results in a slice of meat containing both point and flat, where the point is cut precisely across the grain, but the flat is cut at an angle across the grain.

In Texas, it's all about the meat and not about the sauce. Serve sauce on the side, if you like. Here's a link to a recipe for Aaron Franklin's Sweet Sauce at The Virtual Weber Bulletin Board that goes great with this brisket.

As for leftovers...in my household of two, a whole brisket is like the Energizer bunny—it keeps going and going! I froze chunks of brisket using my FoodSaver vacuum sealer and used it later to make the sandwich shown in Photo 61, the burnt ends with mac & cheese shown in Photo 62, and the brisket chili shown in Photos 63-65.

More Brisket Links On TVWB

Updated: 11/12/2017

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